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Bangladesh was at the top in air pollution in 2023

Manjit Sing

Last year (2023) Bangladesh was at the top among 134 countries in the world in terms of air pollution.

Last year (2023) Bangladesh was at the top among 134 countries in the world in terms of air pollution. The average amount of particulate matter (PM2.5) in air per cubic meter was 79.9 micrograms during the year.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO) definition, if there are more than 5 micrograms of PM 2.5 particles per cubic meter of air, then that air is termed as polluted.

Recently WHO published a report on the air pollution situation of different countries in 2023. Bangladesh is at the top of the report, followed by Pakistan and India at the second and third positions.

According to WHO data, the average amount of PM 2.5 particles per cubic meter of air in Pakistan last year was 73.7 micrograms and India’s air was just over 55 micrograms.

However, the air quality in India’s capital, New Delhi, was appalling throughout the year. According to WHO data, the average amount of PM 2.5 particulate matter in New Delhi for the entire year 2023 was 92.7 micrograms per cubic meter of air.

According to WHO’s air quality, the top 7 countries in air pollution in 2023 are Bangladesh, Pakistan, India, Tajikistan, Burkina Faso, Iraq and the United Arab Emirates. And the least air pollution occurred in Australia, Estonia, Finland, Grenada, Mauritius and New Zealand.

Christy Kester, an official of IQ Air, a Swiss-based air monitoring company, one of the partners of the World Health Organization, said that generally, the presence of PM 2.5 particles in the air of developing and underdeveloped countries is high. The main reason for this is the dense population, agriculture and factory production of these countries.

He told Reuters, “It is unfortunate that population rates, agriculture and industrial production patterns in developing and underdeveloped countries cannot be changed overnight.” Due to this, the air quality of these countries is very unlikely to improve soon.

He said that IQ Air has more than 30,000 air quality monitoring cells in 134 countries around the world. This report has been prepared based on the data received from those stations.

In 2022, Chad was the country in the coastal region of Africa with the highest air pollution. However, since no information came from the country last year, the country is not in the WHO list this time.

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