IN THIS WEEK’S ISSUE

India-Pakistan: Who has the heaviest share of nuclear weapons?

Arafat Rahman

Nine countries in the world continue to modernize their nuclear arsenals.

Nine countries in the world continue to modernize their nuclear arsenals. Several of these countries have also established new nuclear-capable weapons systems by 2023. Swedish research institute Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) reported such information on Monday (June 17).

According to SIPRI, China had 410 warheads in its nuclear arsenal as of January 2023.

It increased to 500 in January 2024. The country expects it to continue to grow.

According to SIPRI, the nine nuclear-weapon states are the United States, Russia, the United Kingdom, France, China, India, Pakistan, North Korea and Israel. They continue to modernize their nuclear arsenal.

It has also deployed several new nuclear weapons or nuclear-capable weapons.

According to the think-tank, Russia and the United States possess about 90 percent of all nuclear weapons.

According to the report, India had 172 nuclear warheads in January this year. On the other hand, Pakistan’s number was 170.

India has slightly expanded its nuclear arsenal by 2023. Both India and Pakistan continue to develop new nuclear delivery systems in 2023.

However, Pakistan remains at the heart of India’s nuclear deterrence, the report said. But now India is emphasizing long-range weapons, including those capable of reaching targets across China.

Meanwhile, China’s stockpile of nuclear warheads is still thought to be far less than that of Russia and the United States.

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