The new Parliament of India started its journey through a session

Manjit Sing

New Sangsad Bhavan is the Parliament House of India

The first session in the new building began on Tuesday with a tearful farewell to the old Parliament building. And with that, a chapter of history fell. A new history has begun.

The new parliament building has been named ‘Parliament House of India’. The old building will be called ‘Constitution House’. It is no less surprising that the name ‘India’ remains intact in the New Parliament building amid the Bharat vs India name change debate.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi said in the Central Hall before the commencement of the session at the new Parliament building in New Delhi on Tuesday, a new future has begun with the hands of the new Parliament building.

Lok Sabha Speaker Om Birla said that the new parliament building will bring new hopes and aspirations for everyone.

Monday was the last session of the old Parliament House. Prime Minister Narendra Modi gave an emotional speech about the 96-year-old building. He said that since 1927, 7,500 MPs have sat in the old building. He is paying tribute to each of them. Jawaharlal Nehru delivered the first independent India speech at midnight on August 15, 1947 in the round building built by British architect Lutyens. And Narendra Modi gave the last speech. Indian constitution was adopted in that building. In fact, new parliament buildings were built due to lack of space and advancements in technology. The new three-cornered building looks very different from the old one. All types of technology are used in the new building. Separate chambers for all MPs have also been kept in the new building.

Three veteran politicians of the country delivered speeches at a farewell ceremony at the central hall of the old building on Tuesday. They are former Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, Jharkhand Mukti Morcha leader Shibu Soren and BJP MP Maneka Gandhi. After a photo session with all the MPs in the old building, PM Modi entered the new Parliament building with a copy of the Constitution in hand. All the other MPs were behind.

The interior of India’s new parliament building has been beautifully decorated. The new parliament building has been made with the famous materials of different states of the country. From teak in Nagpur to carpet from Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh! What’s not there?

December 10, 2020. Prime Minister Narendra Modi performed Bhumi Puja and foundation stone of the new Parliament building. The construction of the building lasted for about two and a half years. Then the new parliament building was inaugurated on May 28, 2023. Before the inauguration, Modi prostrated by touching the ground of the building. The MPs officially entered the parliament building that day. The special session of Parliament started at 1:15 PM in the new Lok Sabha building.

On the day of ‘Ganesh Chaturthi’, preparations were in full swing since this morning, focusing on entering the new building. Before entering the new parliament building, the members of parliament took a photo session in front of the old parliament building. Prime Minister Narendra Modi also sat to take pictures as Madhyamani. Later, Modi entered the new parliament building from the old parliament building with the constitution. The name of the new parliament building is ‘Parliament House of India’.

The new Parliament building has a total of six entrances. And those six doors are guarded by six special guards. Statues of some real and some mythical creatures are placed at the six gates. Each statue represents a different aspect of Parliament. These six entrances are Gajdvara, Ashwadvara, Garudadvara, Makardvara, Sharduldvara and Hansdvara.

Each door has an animal sculpture. The doors are named accordingly. Gajdwara is named after the elephant, which represents intelligence, memory, wealth and wisdom. This door is on the north side of the building. According to Vastushastra, the north side is associated with Mercury and is said to be the source of intelligence. The third entrance of the new parliament building has been named Garudwar. It is the eastern entrance of the Parliament building. According to mythology, Garuda is the king of birds. Garuda is considered to be the vehicle of Lord Vishnu. Garuda is considered a symbol of religion and duty. The name of the fifth door is Shardul Dwar. Which is named after another mythical creature. Shardul has the body of a lion, but the head of a horse, elephant or parrot. The presence of Shardul at the gate of the new parliament building symbolizes the power of the people of the country. Hansdwar is the sixth and final gate of Parliament. This gate is named after the swan. According to mythology, the goose is the vehicle of Saraswati, the goddess of wisdom. Swan is considered to be a symbol of salvation, self-realization and wisdom. In addition to these six doors, the interior of the Parliament building has been decorated. The new parliament building has been made with the famous materials of different states of the country.

Famous works of art from different states across the country have been used in the construction of the new parliament building. This decision was taken to highlight the concept of ‘Ek Bharat, Shrestha Bharat’. A part of the Sangsad Bhavan is made of red and white sandstone from Saramthura in Rajasthan. The sandstone used in the construction of the Red Fort and Humayun’s tomb was also brought from Saramthura. The teak wood used in the building was brought from Nagpur in Maharashtra. The Parliament carpets were brought from Mirzapur in Uttar Pradesh.

The kesaria green marble stone used in the construction of the new parliament building was brought from Udaipur, the red granite stone from Lakha in Ajmer and the white marble stone from Ambaji in Rajasthan. All the furniture inside the building was made in the commercial city of Mumbai.

The steel structure used to make the ‘false ceiling’ of the upper and lower houses (Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha) was brought from Union Territories of Daman and Diu. The stone ‘jali’ work of the building was brought from Rajnagar in Rajasthan and Noida in Uttar Pradesh. The materials used in the Ashoka Pillar in the new Parliament building are imported from Aurangabad in Maharashtra and Jaipur in Rajasthan.

The total number of seats in the new Lok Sabha is 888. The design of the lower house of the new Parliament is based on the theme of India’s national bird, peacock. The interior of the Upper House Rajya Sabha is designed on the theme of the national flower, the lotus. The total number of seats in the Rajya Sabha Hall is 300. The gold bar ‘Sengal’ is going to take place in the parliament building. On special occasions it will be placed in front of the speaker’s chair. However, controversy has also been created about this tile.

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