A total of 9 metals and non-metals, including oxygen, have been found by the rover Pragyan sent with the Chandrayaan 3 spacecraft at the South Pole of the Moon. The Indian space research organization Indian Space Research Institute (ISRO) announced this in a tweet on Wednesday.
Later, in a notification, ISRO said, ‘Pragyan discovered the existence of sulfur on the surface of the South Pole of the Moon by using a special laser technology called Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscope (LIBS).’
Aluminum, calcium, iron, chromium, titanium, manganese, silicon and oxygen have also been found in lunar soil. Our efforts are continuing to know whether there is hydrogen on the moon.
The LIBS technology through which Pragyan is conducting this research has been developed at an ISRO laboratory in Bangalore, the Indian Space Research Organization said. Through the use of intense lasers, it can detect various elements in the soil in a very short time.
Incidentally, water is formed through the chemical reaction of two hydrogen and one oxygen atom. If hydrogen is present on the moon, it will be possible to create water artificially there.
Last Friday, July 14, at 2:35 local time, the Indian spacecraft Chandrayaan 3 left for the moon from the Satish Dhawan Space Center in the city of Sriharikota in the southern state of Andhra. Then on August 23, Chandrayaan 3 created history as the first spacecraft to reach the South Pole of the Moon. After reaching there, rover Pragyan separated from the main rover and landed on the lunar surface.
Only 3 countries have managed to send spacecraft to the moon before – USA, Russia and China. India’s name has been added to this short list.
However, although India is the fourth country, this lunar mission has a different importance. If this mission is successful, the country will be the first country in the world to be able to land a robot near the South Pole of the Moon. That part of the moon is still very little known to people.